Discharge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietInstrucciones de alta para una dieta baja en potasioDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium Diet

Discharge Instructions: Eating a Low-Potassium Diet

Your doctor has prescribed a low-potassium diet for you. A diet that's low-potassium is recommended for patients who have certain kidney problems.

Potassium is found in nuts, beans, seeds, dairy products and some fruits and vegetables. Potassium is needed for muscle function, but it's important to know that too much potassium isn't healthy and can be dangerous.

Guidelines

  • Be sure to cook frozen fruits and vegetables in water; rinse and drain well before serving.

  • Drain liquid from all canned fruits and vegetables and rinse before serving.

  • Reduce the potassium content of potatoes by peeling, slicing thinly, and soaking in water for 4 hours or overnight.

  • Reduce the potassium in green leafy vegetables by rinsing them well and soaking in water for 4 hours or overnight.

  • Avoid hidden potassium in foods by checking labels for ingredients that contain potassium, such as potassium chloride.

  • Avoid salt substitutes; many of these contain potassium.

  • Limit the following foods that are high in potassium. (Ask your doctor for more information on how many servings and how many milligrams of potassium you are allowed each day.)

    • Fruits: Limit apricots (canned and fresh), bananas, cantaloupe, honeydew melon, kiwi, nectarines, oranges, orange juice, pears, dried fruits (apricots, dates, figs, prunes), and prune juice.

    • Vegetables: Limit asparagus, avocado, bamboo shoots, beets, brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, chard, okra, potatoes (white and sweet), pumpkin, rutabaga, spinach (cooked), squash, tomato, tomato sauce, tomato juice, and vegetable juice cocktail.

    • Legumes: Limit black-eyed peas, chickpeas, lentils, lima beans, navy beans, red kidney beans, soybeans, and split peas.

    • Nuts and seeds: Limit almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, peanuts, peanut butter, pecans, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and walnuts.

    • Breads and cereals: Limit bran and whole-grain products. Eat white rice and refined white flour products, such as bread, pasta, and grits.

    • Others: Limit chocolate, cocoa, coconut milk, milk products, and molasses.

    • Animal protein: Limit all forms of animal protein.

Follow-Up

Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

When to Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:

  • Fatigue

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest pain

  • Slow, irregular heartbeat

  • Fainting

  • Dizziness

  • Lightheadedness

  • Confusion

Date Last Reviewed: 2007-04-01T00:00:00-06:00

Date Last Modified: 2007-12-26T00:00:00-07:00

Discharge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietInstrucciones de alta para una dieta baja en potasioDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium DietDischarge Instructions: Eating a Low Potassium Diet

Discharge Instructions: Eating a Low-Potassium Diet

Your doctor has prescribed a low-potassium diet for you. A diet that's low-potassium is recommended for patients who have certain kidney problems.

Potassium is found in nuts, beans, seeds, dairy products and some fruits and vegetables. Potassium is needed for muscle function, but it's important to know that too much potassium isn't healthy and can be dangerous.

Guidelines

  • Be sure to cook frozen fruits and vegetables in water; rinse and drain well before serving.

  • Drain liquid from all canned fruits and vegetables and rinse before serving.

  • Reduce the potassium content of potatoes by peeling, slicing thinly, and soaking in water for 4 hours or overnight.

  • Reduce the potassium in green leafy vegetables by rinsing them well and soaking in water for 4 hours or overnight.

  • Avoid hidden potassium in foods by checking labels for ingredients that contain potassium, such as potassium chloride.

  • Avoid salt substitutes; many of these contain potassium.

  • Limit the following foods that are high in potassium. (Ask your doctor for more information on how many servings and how many milligrams of potassium you are allowed each day.)

    • Fruits: Limit apricots (canned and fresh), bananas, cantaloupe, honeydew melon, kiwi, nectarines, oranges, orange juice, pears, dried fruits (apricots, dates, figs, prunes), and prune juice.

    • Vegetables: Limit asparagus, avocado, bamboo shoots, beets, brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, chard, okra, potatoes (white and sweet), pumpkin, rutabaga, spinach (cooked), squash, tomato, tomato sauce, tomato juice, and vegetable juice cocktail.

    • Legumes: Limit black-eyed peas, chickpeas, lentils, lima beans, navy beans, red kidney beans, soybeans, and split peas.

    • Nuts and seeds: Limit almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, peanuts, peanut butter, pecans, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and walnuts.

    • Breads and cereals: Limit bran and whole-grain products. Eat white rice and refined white flour products, such as bread, pasta, and grits.

    • Others: Limit chocolate, cocoa, coconut milk, milk products, and molasses.

    • Animal protein: Limit all forms of animal protein.

Follow-Up

Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

When to Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:

  • Fatigue

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest pain

  • Slow, irregular heartbeat

  • Fainting

  • Dizziness

  • Lightheadedness

  • Confusion

Date Last Reviewed: 2007-04-01T00:00:00-06:00

Date Last Modified: 2007-12-26T00:00:00-07:00

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